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West-Papua-Netzwerk<br /> <b>Deprecated</b>: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in <b>/www/htdocs/w007a15a/cms/system/function/get_rst.cmx</b> on line <b>12</b><br /> <br /> <b>Deprecated</b>: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in <b>/www/htdocs/w007a15a/cms/system/function/get_rst.cmx</b> on line <b>12</b><br /> <br /> <b>Deprecated</b>: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in <b>/www/htdocs/w007a15a/cms/system/function/get_rst.cmx</b> on line <b>12</b><br /> > ARCHIV > MELDUNGSARCHIV > PAPUA- GIPFEL IN VANUATU - PAPUA WÄHLEN EINE NEUE FÜHRERSCHAFT <
. .

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Papua- Gipfel in Vanuatu - Papua wählen eine neue Führerschaft


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von Ben Bohane in Port Vila – Montag, 7. April 2008, aus dem Pacific Magazine
Der wichtigste Gipfel in 45 Jahren Kampf um die Unabhängigkeit West Papuas findet zur Zeit in Vanuatu statt, wo sich Papuaführer treffen. Die Versammlung begann in einem kleinen Haus hinter einer Südseekirche mit einem feierlichen Gottesdienst und dem gemeinsamen Singen der Nationalhymne. Papuadelegierte aus aller Welt versuchen etwas zu schaffen, was ihnen bisher in ihrem langen Streit gefehlt hat – eine einige Führerschaft. Ihrem Kampf fehlte oft die Unterstützung, weil politische Gruppen und auch der militärische Flügel der OPM (Organisasi Papua Merdeka = Bewegung für ein freies Papua) über Jahre zersplittert waren. Diese Differenzen hatten vor allem mit der in Melanesien weit verbreiteten “Big Man”- Haltung – also persönliche Eifersüchtelei - zu tun, weniger mit unterschiedlichen oder widerstretenden Ideologien. Sie alle sehen die Notwendigkeit der Unabhängigkeit und lehnen die Autonomieversprechungen Indoensiens ab. Die vielen unterschiedlichen Volkgruppen in West Papua, die relative Armut und die schwierige geographische Konstellation hat dazu geführt, dass in der Vergangenheit ganz unterschiedliche Persönlichkeiten - Politiker oder Militärs - die Führerschaft im Widerstand gegen Indonesien beanspruchten und ziemlich autonom handelten. Es war Chief Theys Eluay, der Vorsitzende des Präsidiums des Papuarates, der eine Zeit lang mit großer Unterstützung rechnen durfte. Doch er wurde von einer indonesischen Sondereinheit (Kopasssus) ermordet. Seither gibt es eine Art Führerschafts-Vakuum, das zu Spannungen zwischen den verschiedenen Gruppen führte, z.B. zwischen dem Präsidium des Papua-Rates, das seither praktisch schweigt, und den OPM-Guerillias, die im Busch operieren. Die Konferenz in Vanuatu scheint einen Versuch machen zu wollen, die Gegensätze zu überbrücken und die diversen Gruppen wieder unter dem Banner der OPM zusammen zu bringen. Die Konferenz ist das bedeutendste Treffen von Persönlichkeiten aus West-Papua, seit die OPM 1964 gegründet wurde. “Dies ist ein historisches Treffen und der Abschluss eines Konsultationsprozesses, der im Jahr 2000 begann und seit acht Jahren andauert,” sagte Andy Ayamiseba, ein West Papua – Führer. Seine stille Diplomatie hat dazu beigetragen, dass Vanuatu eines der wenigen Länder ist, die West Papua kontinuierlich auf der politischen Bühne unterstützen. “Wir werden eine Pyramidenstruktur mit einem Führer an der Spitze schaffen, der von unserm Volk und der internationalen Gemeinschaft anerkannt werden kann.“ Man könnte vielleicht auf Richard Yoweni tippen. Er ist OPM Kommandeur in der Manokwari – Region, 66 Jahre alt, am längsten von allen in der Widerstandsbewegung aktiv, Er schloss sich der Bewegung 1966 an, nachdem er aus Jakarta zurückgekehrt war, wo er einige Jahre zum Mechaniker ausgebildet wurde. Die Regierung von Vanuatu hat sich von dem Gipfeltreffen distanziert. In einer Fase der Vorbereitung wollte sie aus Sicherheitsgründen absagen. Doch Präsident Kalkot Mataskelekele bestätigte kürzlich im Parlament, dass West-Papua sich in Vanuatu der Unterstützung von allen Seiten sicher sein kann: “Der Kampf des Volkes von West-Papua um seine Freiheit wird immer in den Herzen des Volkes von Vanuatu Platz haben.“ Vanuatu wird weiterhin eine Art Rettungsseil (lifeline) für die West-Papuas bleiben, trotz Druck von Jakarta und Canberra. Das gehört zu Vanuatus robuster und unabhängiger Außenpolitik. Sie gründet sich auf den eigenen Kampf um die Unabhängigkeit von Großbritannien und Frankreich, die 1980 erreicht wurde. Vanuatu war die einzige Nation im Pazifik, die sich während des kalten Krieges der Bewegung blockfreier Staaten angeschlossen hatte und hat sich immer eingesetzt für den Unabhängigkeitskampf indigener Völker, sei es in Osttimor, Tahiti oder Neu Caledonien. (übersetzt aus dem Englsichen von sz) http://www.pacificmagazine.net/news/2008/04/07/towards

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